Discover the Drawer of Sea Words

Large and narrow competition boat, where therteen rower and a patron compete.

Big oar, which is in the astern and used by the skipper as a helm.

Sailor who row in the place nearest to the bow.



It is a place of the boat (It is usually cylindrical), where the oar is rested.


It is the front place of a boat.


It is the back place of a boat.


Flat and long oar part, which is in contact with the sea, and it drive de boat.


Place of the boat where the oar is placed.


Boards group of small boats, it is usually be from the port until the starboard, where the oarsmen sit.


It is a species of decapod crustacean of the infraorder Brachyura. It is a very appreciated in gastronomy medium-sized crab.

It has a brown shell in the form of irregular Hexagon and two prominent red eyes. The shell has a few light hairs. It has five pairs of legs, the first transformed into pincers.

Usually does nightlife, lives near the coast between the rocks to depths not exceeding 50 meters, where it feeds on algae and dead fish. Sometimes they come to devour other crabs. Its approximate size is 10 cm.


A jetty, breakwater, or breakwater is a non-linear structure built with blocks of considerable dimensions, or precast concrete, (cubes, parallelepipeds, frauds and tetrapods or quadripodos).

They are placed into the water next to the sea coast, with the intention of increasing the flow in various specific directions, reduce wave or avoid the settling of sand.


Galician traditional craft, that employs  in the fishing of baixura to capture fishes with ropes or nets artesanais.


Tower with a lantern in the highest part, situated in any point ostensible of the coast or of a reef, that serves to facilitate the navigation.

Estuary of Ferrol

Penetration that be it to me the sea in the coast by the mouth of one laughs the cause of the sinking of a part of the coastal.
In the photo can appreciates the estuary of Ferrol what be it to me part of the Rías Altas. In the his shores find the Galician municipalities of Ferrol, Narón, Neda, Fene, Mugardos and Airs. In her ends and the form the river Jubia.

Mollusc lamelibranquio

Mollusc lamelibranquio, of the family of the ostreidos, that has to cuncha bivalva, irregular and rough with lines of growth laminar by out and smooth and anacarada by inside. It inhabits in the coasts of all the European seas and bears perfectly the changes of salinity caused by the tides. It consumes  usually in crude, with or without lemon.

Marine snail

It is a marine snail with a helicoidal shell that hardly reaches the 20 mm. His colour is black except the orifice of entrance that is of white colour. It lives in the half of the rocks and feeds  of seaweeds. Has a hard membrane that protects it totally of the outside. Although it surprise, the capture of this species also is subjected to the control of minimum sizes and to the plans of exploitation marisquera.

Floating platform

Floating platform fixed in the sea with ropes hanged stop the offspring of mussels or ostras. In the bateas grow the molluscs wished: mussels or ostras, but also numerous fishes and another type of molluscs, as well as crowd of seaweeds that adhere  to the ropes. Of this form have to, with the step of the time, a batea finishes being a very rich ecosystem.


The part of leeward is the opposite side, having like reference the centre of the craft.


In a craft to sail, windward is by where incide the wind to the craft.

Long rod

Long rod finished off in a piece of metal with varied hooks, that employs  to drag of go in the sand the berberechos and the plums. The length of the rod depends of the depth to the that work , that can arrive to be of 10 metres from the craft tie the bottom. The rods used in these cases can arrive to surpass the 25 m. Of length. Once rascado the bottom, the raño goes up tie the surface and when agitating it, the substrato cóase by the rendixas whereas the species remain retained.

Marine bird

Marine bird, of the family of the láridos. Generally of tones cincentos in the spine and white in the ventre in the adults, in the newest and inmaduros to plumaxe is usually parda. They are species of offshore frocks.

Laminaria seaweeds pardas

It is a gender of seaweeds pardas (Phaeophyceae) characterized by long plates, correúdas and relatively big. It is an economically important gender that comprises 31 species, present a plate ramificada and a strong rizoide that allows them adhered to the substrato of the coasts exposed and semiexpostas.


Instrument, placed in wool caña to fish, catered of a mechanism that consists in join manivela with wool that  hace girar wool bobbin in wool that is desbandado he sedal.

 1.- Pick up or bail, 2.- Reel seat, 3.- Reel foot, 4.- Handle, 5.- Support arm, 6.- Anti-reverse lever, 7.- Skirted spool, 8.- Fishing line, 9.- Drag adjustment knob.

floating buoy

A buoy is a floating buoy situated in a river or in the sea and generally anchored at the end, that can have diverse purposes, mainly for the orientation of the crafts and signaling of objects submerged.

Fish osteíctio, perciforme

Fish osteíctio, perciforme, of the family of the morónidos, that has the body lengthened, of colour plateado, two dorsal fins separate and rays espiñosos in the first dorsal fin, in the annual and in the ventral. This fish accustoms to swim by the rocky coasts and by the sandy areas, the zones of estuaries, the ports and the dársenas, where takes advantage of to feed , and even can penetrate by the freshwaters of the estuaries. If it wants to fish  sea basss, always is necessary to look for them in the surface, to very little depth and with good movement of waves, foam and eddies.

Marine fish of body very long and cilíndrico

Marine fish of body very long and cilíndrico likeness to the of a snake, of until 2,5 m of length, black colour or dark gris, without escamas; it lives us deep sailors, usually hid in caves; it is voraz and nocturnal; there are several species; his meat is edible. The congro belongs to the family of the Cóngridos, order Anguiliformes.

Mollusc cefalópodo

Mollusc cefalópodo, of the order of the decápodos, that possesses body ovado and comprimido, with two flippers that visit all the body and around the mouth presents eight arms and two much longer tentacles that finish off in some ventosas. In the final part of the bowel has a bag of ink of dark colour that expels when sees  alarmed. Synonymous:  cuttlefish

Fish, of the family of the soleidos

Fish, of the family of the soleidos, that has the asymmetrical body, oval and very aplanado, small head and rounded, lateral mouth and small and together eyes. The dorsal and anal flipper are tied to the discharge by means of a membrane, and the pectoral of the blind side has a black stain. His coloración is parda grisácea in the top, with round stains, irregular and dark, and the internal face is of clear colour. It feeds of molluscs, poliquetos and small crustacean and inhabits us deep lodosos and sandy.

Crustacean cirrípedo of the order of the torácicos

Crustacean cirrípedo of the order of the torácicos, that belongs to the genders Lepas, Pollicipes and Scalpellum, and that characterizes  for adhering  to the rocks by means of a pedúnculo carnoso in that there is a region cefálica, whereas the rest of the body is protected by some calcareous plates.


The lorchi reaches between 15 and 17 cm long.

Large head, two clearly separated dorsal fins, usually dark brow or dark gray with especially clear spots on the sides.


It is a temporary loop formed around objects such as tree trunks, planks or poles, so that they can be dragged, pushed, raised or lowered. It is a useful knot that can be done quickly and it is safe.


It uses like knot of tope and executes at intervals regular in ropes of rescue. His more common application is the one to keep the cape when this happens through the eye of a needle. It is not too popular between the sailors, since it results difficult to undo when it is wetted.


This is a basic knot grippy and very easy to undo. It should not be used if the ends to be joined are very different sections. With the same ends works well.


It is a sliding knot very used in the sea, and does not weaken the rope and is very safe. Also it runs very well and gets rid without great effort. It is often used to mount mobile rigs or collect objects that are afloat.


It is a knot that allows to glide easily to the cape and bears without problems the tugs. It is important to remember that the number of turns to give has to be odd like minimum of 6 turns.


Serves to shorten the length of one end and has the characteristics of not wearing the cape, you can easily undo although it has subjected to high stresses.


It is the most important part of the structure on which a ship is built.


It is a piece used to avoid drift caused by wind. It may be located on the sides, as in the old craft, or a central box placed under the keel of the boat.

vela maior.jpg

Used to propel a boat through the wind on it.


It is the device used to maneuver a conveyance that moves through a fluid.


The stern (popa) is the back of a boat, while the front is called bow (proa).


It is the big vertical stick that attaches the sails. The big ships can have several topmasts,varying his number, size and disposal in fuction of the type of ship.


It is the general denomination of all the triangular sails of lower size.


The cover is each wooden or metal surfaces of a ship.


Is the shell or internal structure of a ship.


It is the left side of the boat and the right side is called estribor.


The propellers convert the rotational energy generated by the engine in the push necessary for the trip of a ship.


The tentacles are elongated and flexible bodies found in some animals and have suction cups on the ends. They are used for food , as sensitive organ or for food .


Cephalopods body used to move by jet propulsion , is actually an evolutionary change foot snails.


They are the muscles present in cephalopods,mainly octopus and squid. They are circular and are made of flesh and muscle tissue of the same type as the rest.


The merlón is a fish of the family Labridae that inhabits the east of the Atlantic ocean.


Marine animal belonging to the echinoderms . There are approximately 940 species that inhabit the oceans , to 5000 meters deep.


The family belongs to tembladoira Stripes has a round body and very thick, while its head is flat . It has large pectoral fins and rounded and are located on each side of his body.


The liberna is a robust fish with a big head. These fish live on sandy bottoms and feed on small shellfish , squid and small fish.


Fish of sea very seemed to the sea bream, but smaller.


Fish  of red colour and covered of spines. His weight can arrive until almost the 3 kg but are rare the copies of more than 1,5-2 kg. Usually it finds  to depths from the 10 to the 500 m, although it is possible to find them with little water semienterrados in the sand.


Shark up to 2 m long, very voracious , almost cylindrical body five gills , two dorsal fins, semicircular mouth and sharp, cutting teeth ; His flesh is edible.


Instrument of iron or steel , in various forms , used to secure the vessel to the seabed by means of a cable, rope or chain .


Fish of similar sea to the sole.


Similar flat fish to the turbot but of lower size.

volta de escota

Type of seafaring knot.

Image taken in the  mugardés restaurant As de Guía.


Type of seafaring knot.

Image taken in the  mugardés restaurant As de Guía.

Calabrote doble


Type of seafaring knot.

Image taken in the  mugardés restaurant As de Guía.


Post to moor the vessels


Fabric formed by meshes of different sizes and materials, especially that one that is used to fish.


Artifice for fishing consistent in a cylindrical basket, with a funnel with a tip inward in one of his bases, and a lid in the opposed one

Seafaring knot

Seafaring knot.

Image taken in the Mugardos restaurant As de Guía. 


Barrel that the sailors took formerly to transport water


Fluorescent foam that produces by the static electricity and the plankton of the water when happening a ship and leave the trail.


Cover of the boat.


Side of the boat. Side of starboard or of larboard.




Or "pertrechos".

Things that there are in the vessels.


Or "estrume".

Alga typical of the estuaries

Calma Podre

When there are not waves in the sea. The sea is as a dish.


Canoe of fishing used by the Eskimos, traditionally fabricated with skin of seal, whose cover only has an opening, closed with an impermeable material that is adjusted to the trunk of the crew member.


Turn that does him  give to a craft handling the oars of both sides in reverse sense.


Bivalve mollusk of thick and solid shell and a circular form.


Slippery seaweed of the intertidal  zone. Tenta, non esvares no marmulo.


Sportive craft, in origin craft of fishing.


Ring of rope that attaches the oar to the oarlock.


Sail. Promote a craft with the strength of the oars